Hair Loss is a Common Problem

Losing your hair isn’t normally a cause for concern, but it can be distressing. Some kinds of hair loss may benefit from treatment.


The purpose of this paper is to give a realistic strategy for assessing female hair loss in clinical settings and to examine current treatment options.

What Are the 10 Different Types of Hair Fall?

1. Androgenetica Alopecia

The most prevalent kind of hair loss in the United States is androgenetic alopecia, which affects more than 50 million men and 30 million women. Androgenetic alopecia is an inherited condition that can be treated with medication or surgery.

Male Pattern Hair Loss

Men’s hair loss can begin at any age following puberty and last for years or decades. That starts above the temples and wraps around the top and perimeter of the head, leaving a hair ring at the bottom of the scalp. A high number of men suffer from male pattern baldness.

Top 10 Most Common Hair Loss Types | 2021
Hair Loss 

Female Pattern Hair Loss

Hair thins gradually over the scalp in women, although the hairline does not normally recede. Although hair loss can start any time after adolescence, many women see it as a normal part of ageing. Female pattern hair loss can result in severe hair thinning, although it seldom leads to baldness.

2. Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system assaults the hair follicles, resulting in hair loss on the scalp, face, and other body parts. Alopecia areata can affect numerous family members, implying that heredity may play a role in the disease. It can affect both men and women, and it usually begins in infancy.

Alopecia areata comes in a variety of forms, including:

  • Alopecia Areata (patchy hair loss): This is the most prevalent kind of alopecia areata, which causes hair loss in one or more circular patches.
  • Alopecia Totalis: This kind of alopecia areata is marked by full hair loss on the scalp.
  • Alopecia universalis: Alopecia universalis is the most severe kind of alopecia areata. It causes complete hair loss on the scalp and body.
  • Ophiasis: This type of alopecia areata manifests itself as a wave pattern along the scalp’s margin, usually towards the rear of the head.

3. Cicatricial Alopecia

Cicatricial Alopecia, also known as scarring hair loss, is a generic term for ‘Alopecia’ that occurs as a result of the destruction of hair follicles and the normal healthy Hair Growth Cycle, whether caused by a disease that affects the follicles directly (primary Cicatricial Alopecia) or an indirect process that affects them indirectly (secondary Cicatricial Alopecia) (secondary Cicatricial Alopecia).

Hair loss can be spotty or widespread, and the skin might seem transparent or de-pigmented. Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy should be used as an initial and basic treatment for anyone exhibiting even the earliest signs of hair loss. This helps normalise the Hair Development Cycle and promote healthy hair growth by restoring the equilibrium of proteoglycan levels.

4. Fibrosing Alopecia is a kind of alopecia that affects the front of the head (Scarring Alopecia)

FFA is a kind of Scarring Alopecia in which the hair follicle is damaged and replaced by scar tissue. Hair falls out over the front of the head in frontal fibrosing alopecia. The brows can also be affected by hair loss.

5. Trichotillomania

Some persons have a propensity of twisting or pulling their own hair from their scalp and eyelashes on their own will. Trichotillomania, or hair pulling disorder, is the name given to this condition. It is a psychological condition that is most commonly found in youngsters. Broken-off hair can be seen in the hair patches in this condition. It would be much easier for you to seek treatment from a professional after you have recognised the type of hair loss you are experiencing.

Top 10 Most Common Hair Loss Types | 2021
Hair Loss 

6. Traction – Alopecia

Traction alopecia develops over time as a result of continual tugging on the hair roots. Tight braids or “corn rows,” which induce strain on the hair follicles, are common causes of this ailment. Chemical straightening or weaving may also be the blame. The sooner this problem is identified, the easier it is to treat; nevertheless, if left untreated for a long time, hair loss may become irreversible. The easiest approach to avoid this sort of hair loss is to wear your hair in looser styles that don’t pull on the roots.

Symptoms include

A receding hairline or patches of hair loss around the temples are signs of ageing

The prognosis is as follows

Although hair can regrow, untreated traction alopecia might result in permanent damage.

The Treatment Strategy

A trip to the salon is in order!

7. Telogen Effluvium (TE)

Telogen Effluvium (TE) is the second most prevalent kind of hair loss that results from a disruption in the hair’s natural development cycles. The last part of the cycle, when the old hair shaft comes out, is referred to as telogen. The average individual loses 50 to 100 hairs every day, the most of which are lost when bathing, brushing, or combing. Telogen effluvium, on the other hand, occurs when the telogen phase is significantly longer than that.

Top 10 Most Common Hair Loss Types | 2021
Hair Loss 

Telogen effluvium (TE) is a condition in which the hair on the scalp thins out unevenly. There are various stages of hair growth. Hair grows for a few years, then stops growing, rests (the telogen phase), sheds, and regrows. Telogen effluvium occurs when hair roots enter the resting phase prematurely.

TE can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • A high temperature
  • Childbirth
  • A serious infection
  • A long-term or severe sickness
  • High levels of psychological distress
  • A large operation
  • A thyroid that is overactive or underactive
  • Quick-fix diets
  • Medications, such as retinoids, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, antidepressants, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs)

8. Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disorder that causes scaly areas, inflamed skin, and obstinate dandruff on the scalp. Inflammation surrounding hair follicles inhibits hair from regrowing after shedding, resulting in hair loss. Hair loss might be permanent if not addressed.

9. Postpartum Alopecia

Postpartum alopecia, also known as postpartum telogen effluvium, is a kind of hair loss that occurs after a woman has given birth. Although some shedding is common after a pregnancy, hair loss in some women is severe enough to be obvious (and really distressing). Because it’s caused by hormonal changes, it’s just temporary—hormone levels should return to normal after approximately a year, and the hair should regrow.

Symptoms include

Hair loss is noticeable 2-3 months after having birth.

The prognosis is as follows

Although there is no known treatment to delay hair loss, it normally returns to normal within a few months.

The Treatment Strategy

Make sure you’re not suffering from any dietary deficits that are hastening your hair loss.

10. Your Hair & Emotional Stress

Significant emotional stress can disrupt the natural cycle of hair development when you’re coping with a life-altering event, such as a divorce or break-up, bankruptcy or other financial issues, the loss of a house, or the death of a loved one. Temporary hair loss can be caused by significant emotional pressures, but once the stress is under control, normal hair growth is normally restored.

Hair Care to the Extreme

You might cause substantial damage and breakage to strands in the pursuit of a fashionable hairstyle, which can lead to hair loss and thinning. Hair loss can be caused by over-shampooing or blow-drying, using hot styling equipment repeatedly, tugging on hair — whether from blow-drying or arranging it in a too-tight ponytail, for example — or touching the scalp too aggressively.

Will my Hair Regrow?

As previously said, different reasons of hair loss will result in distinct hair restoration remedies and cycles. Some may self-correct, while others may require therapy, either temporary or on a regular basis, to achieve improvements. Other types of hair loss may be permanent if the follicle has been permanently injured, scarred, or destroyed.

If you’re experiencing hair loss, the best thing you can do is figure out what’s causing it, which may need consulting a doctor. For your specific situation, they may propose or prescribe certain lifestyle adjustments, as well as other therapies.

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